Bizarre medical events - the Lazarus Reflex - when the brain dead raise their arms

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Bizarre medical events - the Lazarus Reflex - when the brain dead raise their arms

Imagine seeing a brain dead patient suddenly raise his or her arms, and then cross them across their chest. Is this where zombie stories began?

The Lazarus sign or Lazarus reflex is a reflex movement in brain-dead patients, which causes them to briefly raise their arms and drop them crossed on their chests (in a position similar to some egyptian mummies).

The phenomenon is named after the Biblical character Lazarus of Bethany, whom Jesus is described as raising from the dead in the Gospel of John.

Like the knee jerk reflex, the Lazarus sign is an example of a reflex mediated by a reflex arc - a neural pathway which passes via the spinal column but not through the brain. As a consequence the movement is possible in brain-dead patients whose organs have been kept functioning by life-support machines, precluding the use of complex involuntary motions as a test for brain activity.

It has been suggested by neurologists studying the phenomenon that lack of awareness of this and similar reflexes "may prevent delays in brain-dead diagnosis and misinterpretations."

The reflex is often preceded by slight shivering motions of the patient's arms, or the appearance of gooseflesh on the arms and torso.

The arms then begin to flex at the elbows before lifting to be held above the sternum. They are often brought from here towards the neck or chin and touch or cross over. Short exhalations have also been observed coinciding with the action.


The phenomenon has been observed to occur several minutes after the removal of medical ventilators used to pump air in and out of brain-dead patients to keep their bodies alive.

It also occurs during testing for apnea - that is, suspension of external breathing and motion of the lung muscles - which is one of the criteria for determining brain death used for example by the American Academy of Neurology.

Occurrences of the Lazarus sign in intensive-care units have been mistaken for evidence of resuscitation of patients. They have also frightened patients and nurses and been viewed as miraculous events.

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wik...

Interesting comments, and stories on this topic http://www.reddit.com/r/wik...

lazarus-reflex.jpg - 17.72kb
By netchicken: posted on 20-7-2009

Now I'll admit that would be pretty creepy.......if I saw that happen, I'd go straight for the gun.
By mg.mikael: posted on 25-7-2009








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